Do survey participant treatment preferences and anxiety levels differ when papillary thyroid cancer is described with or without the term cancer?

In this randomized crossover study of 550 adults without thyroid cancer, when papillary thyroid cancer was described as a lesion or as abnormal cells (rather than as a cancer), participants were more likely to opt for less invasive treatment options and experienced lower levels of anxiety.

Effect of a change in papillary thyroid cancer terminology on anxiety levels and treatment preferences. A randomized crossover trial. Nickel B, Barratt A, McGeechan K, Brito JP, Moynihan R, Howard K, McCaffery K.  JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg., 2018

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