‘Nudges’ are subtle cognitive cues thought to influence behaviour. We investigated whether embedding nudges in a general practitioner (GP) clinical decision support display can reduce low-value management decisions.
Health literacy describes the cognitive and social skills that individuals use to access, understand and act on health information. Health literacy interventions typically take the ‘universal precautions approach’ where all consumers are presented with simplified materials. Although this approach can improve knowledge and comprehension, its [...]
Little is known about women's decision-making processes regarding using complementary medicine products (CMPs) during pregnancy or lactation. This study explores the decision-making processes of women choosing to use CMPs in pregnancy and lactation; and investigates how women's health literacy influences their decisions.
To describe the lived experience of a possible prostate cancer overdiagnosis in men who resisted recommended treatment. Reported experience of screening, diagnosis and treatment decision making, and its impact on psychosocial well-being, life and personal circumstances.
This study aimed to identify and evaluate content and readability of freely available online deprescribing patient education materials (PEMs) and concluded that over 1/3 of deprescribing PEMs present potential benefits and harms of deprescribing indicating most of the freely available materials are not balanced. Most [...]
Making an informed decision about colorectal cancer screening requires health literacy. Our aim was to develop and pilot-test a computer-based decision aid to support informed decision making about whether or not to participate in colorectal cancer screening for individuals with varying health literacy levels in [...]
Limited examples exist globally of coordinated, organisation-wide health literacy approaches to systematically improve the understandability and actionability of patient health information. Even fewer have been formally evaluated. The aim of this study was to use the Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT) to evaluate the [...]
In December 2017, the Australian National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP) was changed to encompass a 5-yearly human papillomavirus (HPV) primary test for women aged 25 to 74 years. Public concerns about changes to screening programs has been demonstrated in other countries previously.
The study aim was to identify all freely available online diabetes risk calculators and to evaluate their suitability for patients with low health literacy. Online diabetes risk calculators are generally understandable, but not very actionable, and may not be completely suitable for use by patients [...]
Recent guideline changes for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention medication have resulted in calls to implement shared decision-making rather than arbitrary treatment thresholds. Less attention has been paid to existing tools that could facilitate this. Decision aids are well-established tools that enable shared decision-making and have [...]